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Program execution

General concepts

  • Code
  • Translation
  • Compiler
  • Optimizing compiler
  • Intermediate representation (IR)
  • Execution
  • Runtime system
  • Executable
  • Interpreter
  • Virtual machine

Types of code

  • Source code
  • Object code
  • Bytecode
  • Machine code
  • Microcode

Compilation strategies

  • Just-in-time (JIT)
  • Tracing just-in-time
  • Ahead-of-time (AOT)
  • Transcompilation
  • Recompilation

Notable runtimes

  • Android Runtime (ART)
  • Common Language Runtime (CLR)
  • crt0
  • Java virtual machine (JVM)
  • Node.js
  • Zend Engine

Notable compilers & toolchains

  • GNU Compiler Collection (GCC)
  • LLVM
Last modified 4yr ago